7 Days 6 Nights Tour
Day 1PINNAWELA ELEPHANT ORPHANAGE, DAMBULLA, SIGIRIYA
You will be picked up from the Airport and taken to the world’s largest Elephant Orphanage at Pinnawela. It was in 1975 that the Department of Wildlife of Sri Lanka established the Orphanage in the present location of Pinnawela which is located in the Village of Pinnawela in the district of Kegalle which is about 90 km from Colombo. It is a 25-acre coconut plantation adjacent to the Maha Oya River. The primary purpose of setting up this orphanage has been to provide a haven to baby elephants orphaned in the wilds and even adult elephants losing their way in the wilderness. Baby elephants become orphans when the mother gets killed. There are also occasions when baby elephants fall into pits and lose out on the herd. The Orphanage has commenced a scientific captive breeding program with the help of local and foreign elephant experts and it has become one of the most successful captive breeding programs for Asian elephants. It now boasts of having the largest herd of captive elephants in the world. After watching the large herd of elephants being fed, bathed and marched to their resting places, you will move to Dambulla. Dambulla is situated at a major junction in the Matale District (Central Province of Sri Lanka) 48 km north-east of Colombo and 72 km north of Kandy. It is a major centre for distribution of vegetables in the country. Dambulla is famous for the largest number of preserved cave temples of Sri Lanka. Also the largest rose quartz mountain range in South Asia is situated in Dambulla. You will visit the Golden Temple which was built by Walagamba in the 1st century BC in gratitude to the monks who sheltered him from his enemies. This magnificent cave temple complex is well preserved and is the largest of more than 80 caves found in the surrounding area. The rock overhang is 160 mtrs tall. There were improvements made in 1938 with the addition of arched colonnades and gabled entrances. Access is along the gentle slope of the Dambulla Rocks from where you can view the surrounding flat lands which include the Sigiriya Rock Fortress. You spend the night at the Hotel in Sigiriya.
Day 2SIGIRIYA, MATALE, KANDY
After breakfast you will be able to climb Sigiriya. Sigiriya is a must-see destination because it would be an experience which is unique and awe-inspiring due to the piece of history surrounding it. Sigiriya is known as the “Fortress in the Sky” It is a sheer-sided outcrop of reddish granite standing 200 meters above the surrounding plains. In 1982 UNESCO declared Sigiriya as one of the seven World Heritage Sites in Sri Lanka and is Asia’s best preserved city of the first millennium. You will be amazed by the Water Gardens which is a wonder of irrigational engineering, and the Boulder Gardens where the monks lived in cave shelters among the various rocks. The world-famous Sigiriya Frescoes or fondly described as ‘Sigiriya Damsels’ is an exquisite mural of 21 beautiful bare-chested women painted in color on the sheer rock face. Considering the fact that they are over 1600 years old these paintings have defied nature and are in a remarkable state of preservation. It is the most celebrated scenery of Sigiriya and is not like anything else seen anywhere in Sri Lanka. The Mirror Wall is in itself a wonder with a highly polished surface which appears to have been used as a visitors’ book for the past 1,500 years with scribbled graffiti on the surface. The Summit is where King Kassapa’s balance was built though only bits and pieces of the foundations still remain. There is speculation that the Sigiriya Rock may have been used since prehistoric times. It is said that it became a rock-shelter monastery from about the 3rd century BC. After the death of King Kassapa it once again became a monastery till about the 14th century. It was finally abandoned and it was the British Explorer John Still that re-discovered the Sigiriya Rock in 1907. From Sigiriya we drive to Kandy visiting a Spice and Herbal Garden in Matale en route. Kandy is located in the central and eastern portion of Sri Lanka. The Kingdom of Kandy is said to have been founded around the 14th century during the reign of King Vickramabahu III of Gampola (1357 – 1374). After the coastal regions of Sri Lanka had been conquered by the invading Portuguese, Kandy became the last remaining independent kingdom in Sri Lanka. It was finally was conquered by the British in 1815 after the Portuguese and Dutch invadors. The King at the time, King Sri Wikrama Rajasingha and all claimants to the throne were deposed by the British in 1815. Thus ended the traditional monarchy of Kandy. Kandy is most famous for the Tooth relic of the Buddha and the Temple of the Tooth. The tooth relic was brought to Sri Lanka by Danta and Hemamala said to have been the son-in-law and daughter of Guhasiva. At the time of its arrival in the 4th century, King Mahasena’s son King Kirti Sri Meghavanna reigned. Notwithstanding the British conquest Kandy has been able to preserve its function as the religious capital of the Sinhalese and became a principal place of pilgrimage for the Buddhists. You will tour the Kandy City Center, visit the Gem Museum and lapidary and also enjoy a cultural show at the Kandyan Cultural Center in the evening. You will spend the night in a Hotel in Kandy
Day 3PERADENIYA, NUWARA ELIYA, HAKGALA BOTANICAL GARDEN
After breakfast you will be taken to the Royal Botanical Garden in Peradeniya which is about 5.5 km to the west of the City of Kandy. These stunning gardens attract around 2 million visitors annually. It is renowned for it collection of orchids and includes more than 4000 species of plants. The total area of the botanical garden is 147 acres. Thereafter you will proceed to Nuwara Eliya way up in the central misty hills dropping in at the Hanuman Hindu Temple, a tea plantation, tea factory and the famous Ramboda Falls on the way. Nuwara Eliya is situated in the central hills of the country at an elevation of 1,868m above sea level and enjoys the coolest climate in Sri Lanka. It was Samuel Baker the explorer of the Nile who discovered Lake Albert that founded this City in 1846. It was called “Little England” as driven by the climate, it became the sanctuary of British civil servants and planters of the vast tea estates with Ceylon tea being famous the world over. Consequently, many of the buildings reflect the architecture of the colonial period, such as the Queen’s Cottage, General’s House, Grand Hotel, Hill Club, St. Andrew’s Hotel and the Town Post Office. You can see many old English-style lawns and gardens around private homes which rouse nostalgic memories of bygone years. You will be able to visit Lake Gregory which was built by Governor William Gregory during the period 1872 – 1877, and Victoria Park which is 27 acres in area and is named after Queen Victoria in commemoration of the 60th Jubilee Coronation in 1897. Hakgala Botanical Gardens (or Haggala) which is about 4 km from the City Center is another extremely beautiful place you will visit while in Nuwara Eliya. It is the only botanical gardens in the world that is situated at a high elevation of 5000 to 6000 feet above mean sea level. GALWAYS LAND BIRD SANCTUARY is 57.6 hectares in extent situated in Nuwara Eliya and was gazetted as a Bird Sanctuary in 1938. It is home for about 30 species of Sri Lankan birds and attracts about 20 species of very rare foreign migrant birds. It is a paradise for bird watchers as most of the endemic birds and the migrant birds can be seen at this sanctuary. NUWARA ELIYA GOLF CLUB is situated at a walking distance from the town center. It was built in 1891 and is over 90 acres in extent. It is an 18-hole course which is a very big attraction to golfers from all over the world. It is said to be the only golf course where all the holes can be seen from the Club House You will spend the night in Nuwara Eliya.
Day 4HORTON PLAINS, ELLA, YALA
You will have to leave by 5 a.m. and therefore, would have to carry your breakfast with you to proceed to the Horton Plains which are the headwaters of three major Sri Lankan rivers: the Mahaweli, Kelani and Walawe and is considered the most important watershed in Sri Lanka. The Plains were declared a wildlife sanctuary on 5th December 1969 and was elevated to a National Park on 18th March 1988 because of its biodiversity value. It is situated 32 km from Nuwara Eliya on the southern plateau of the central highlands, at an elevation from around 1200 to 2300 m. The main attraction of the Park is the sheer precipice called the World’s End and Baker’s Falls that draw tourists in large numbers to the Plains. Around noon you will be treated to a refreshing train ride from the Pattipola or Ohia train station bound for Ella through some of the most picturesque tea estates. Ella meaning “water fall” in the Sinhala Language is approximately 200 km east of Colombo and is situated at an elevation of 1,041 m above sea level. There is an abundance of flora and fauna as Ella is blessed with a rich bio-diversity surrounded by hills covered with forests and tea plantations. A main attraction in Ella is the view through the Ella Gap which can be described as stunning because on clear nights you can view the glow of the Great Basses lighthouse deep down in the southern coast of Sri Lanka. You can also do your trekking through luscious tea plantations, visit the water falls, the temples. Your guide will pick you up and take you to Yala for the evening with a short stop to view the famous Rawana Falls. You will spend the night in Yala.
Day 5YALA NATIONAL PARK, MIRISSA
You will leave by around 6 a.m. with a take-away breakfast to explore the Yala National Park by jeep. The Yala National Park is located about 300 km from Colombo in the southeastern region of the country and covers an area of 979 sq.km. Yala and the Wilpattu reserves were proclaimed by the government of Sri Lanka on March 23, 1900 as wildlife sanctuaries. Henry Engelbrecht was appointed as the first Park Warden of Yala. It is the second largest national park in Sri Lanka which is also the most visited. There are 44 species of mammals in the Park including the Sri Lankan elephant and also one of the highest leopard densities in the world. The herds of elephants comprise 300 – 350 individuals that varies seasonally. You will leave for Mirissa around noon visiting the Matara Light House, en route. You will spend the night in Mirissa.
Day 6MIRISSA, GALLE, KOSGODA TURTLE HATCHERY
You will have to leave around 6 in the morning carrying your breakfast and get to the Mirissa Fishing Harbour from where you will embark on a whale and Dolphin-watching cruise. Whale and dolphin-watching expeditions are very exciting and thrilling for kids and adults alike. However, it is always best to check the weather conditions prior to launching out and be ready for any eventuality. Safety jackets and gear will be provided by the organizers. You will proceed to Hikkaduwa taking a view of the stilt fishermen in Weligama and a short tour of the Dutch Fort in Galle and the Turtle Hatchery in Kosgoda. Night will be in Hikkaduwa or proceed to Colombo to enjoy the night life in Colombo on your own.
Day 7HIKKADUWA, COLOMBO
If you opted to spend the night in Hikkaduwa, you will be able to relax on the beach in the morning and thereafter proceed to the Airport to catch your scheduled flight If you moved to Colombo, you can do a tour around the City of Colombo and visit the various shops and pick up anything you fancy and thereafter proceed to the Airport for your scheduled flight back home.
Sigiriya Rock Fortress
When you visit the resplendent Isle of Sri Lanka, Sigiriya is a must-see destination because it would be an experience which is unique and awe-inspiring due to the piece of history surrounding it. Sigiriya is known as the “Fortress in the Sky” It is a sheer-sided outcrop of reddish granite standing 200 meters above the surrounding plains. In 1982 UNESCO declared Sigiriya as one of the seven World Heritage Sites in Sri Lanka and is Asia’s best preserved city of the first millennium.
The Legend of Sigiriya
According to history, this rock was converted to a fortress by Kasyapa who became the king of the country in 473 A.D. Kasyapa was one of the two sons of King Dhatusena, the older son being Moggalan who was in fact the rightful heir to the throne as he was the son of the royal consort of the King. Kasyapa was born to a non-royal concubine.
Various family disputes led to Kasyapa overthrowing the King and taking over the throne and it is said that Kasyapa eventually had his father murdered and entombed him in a wall. An enraged Moggalan fled to India and vowed to avenge his father’s death. Therefore, King Kassapa chose to build his royal palace in the almost inaccessible summit of the Rock. He had built elegant pavilions with gardens and pools. The Rock itself took the shape of a giant recumbent lion with a head and foreparts built with brick. At present only the paws that were sculpted out of the rock remain.
Legend has it that in India Mogallan raised an army and returned in AD 495 (18 years after Kasyapa seized power) and declared war. In the battle that followed Kasyapa became stranded when his elephant turned back to avoid a swamp and it was misunderstood to be a retreat and his army backed away. Rather than being captured, he is said to have committed suicide by turning his sword on himself. So, he died on the plains below the Rock and not within his fortress. Mogallana returned to the capital Anuradhapura.
The Water Gardens situated on the western approach to the rock is another wonder of irrigational engineering designed to conserve and provide water for the lawns and ponds, water passages and quaint fountains, aqua-ducts and reservoirs designed and built to mathematical precision that ensured the availability of water even in the dry season. The most notable engineering marvel in this irrigational system is the ‘Biso Kotuwa’, a peculiar construction inside a dam that facilitates the flow of water outside the dam taking away the pressure on the dam. This was also known as the “Cistern Sluice”
The Boulder Gardens is a patch of scenic forest where you find pathways between huge rock boulders and rock arches. It is in the Boulder Gardens that the monks of Sigiriya are said to have lived and there are still various mementoes of these monks among the various rocks and cave shelters.
The Sigiriya Frescoes or fondly called ‘Sigiriya Damsels’ is an exquisite mural of 21 beautiful bare-chested women painted in color on the sheer rock face. Considering the fact that they are over 1600 years old these paintings have defied nature and are in a remarkable state of preservation. It is the most celebrated scenery of Sigiriya and is not like anything else seen anywhere in Sri Lanka.
The Mirror Wall is in itself a wonder because it is a highly polished surface which has been plastered with a mixture of burnished lime, beeswax, egg white and wild honey. This wall appears to have been used as a visitors’ book because over the past 1,500 years visitors have scribbled graffiti on the wall. These comprise various poems, literary compositions, essays that describe impressions of the rock. There are also romantic verses praising the beauty of the Damsels.
The Summit is a world of its own as it’s quite spacious and gives you a feeling of being suspended in space. This is where King Kassapa’s palace was built though only bits and pieces of the foundations still remain. The access to the summit is by an ancient metal staircase probably built in colonial times. You also see a series of terraces that may have been gardens.
There is speculation that the Sigiriya Rock may have been used since prehistoric times. It is said that it became a rock-shelter monastery from about the 3rd century BC. After the death of King Kassapa it once again became a monastery till about the 14th century. It was finally abandoned and it was the British Explorer John Still that re-discovered the Sigiriya Rock in 1907.
Kandy is located in the central and eastern portion of Sri Lanka. The Kingdom of Kandy is said to have been founded around the 14th century during the reign of King Vickramabahu III of Gampola (1357 – 1374). It was then known as ‘Senkadagalapura’. Although ruled by kings of Kotte Kandy gradually developed into an independent kingdom during the 16th and 7th centuries.
After the coastal regions of Sri Lanka had been conquered by the invading Portuguese, Kandy became the last remaining independent kingdom in Sri Lanka. There were invasions by the Portuguese and the Dutch in the 17th and 18th centuries and later by the British probably in 1803, but these were repelled. The last of the rulers were of the ‘Nayaks’ dynasty. Though they were able to preserve the independence of Kandy, it finally was conquered by the British in 1815. The King at the time, King Sri Wikrama Rajasingha and all claimants to the throne were deposed by the British in 1815. Thus ended the traditional monarchy of Kandy.
Kandy is most famous for the Tooth relic of the Buddha and the Temple of the Tooth.
Mirissa is situated approximately 150 km south of Colombo. The main attraction in Mirissa is the beach
and night life and is also Sri Lanka’s main whale and dolphin watching destinations. It is the largest
fishing port in the south coast. It is known for its tuna, mullet, snapper and butterfish catches.
Mirissa has a perfect beach and would be a paradise for sun and sand lovers. It is about the cleanest
beach with no litter. The sea itself is clear and warm. The surf is rather huge and there are rips which
you will have to watch for, but it provides the best fun even for small children.
The beach is dotted with beach shacks and restaurants. Very romantically built with simple bamboo and
palm fronds. It is the perfect place to relax in the shade and sip a cool beer watching children playing in
Horton Plains in the Sinhalese Language known as “Maha Eliya Plains” are the headwaters of three major Sri Lankan rivers: the Mahaweli, Kelani and Walawe and is considered the most important watershed in Sri Lanka. An administrative order was issued in 1873 by the British Government “to leave all Montane Forests above 5000 ft undisturbed” on the advice of Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker which prevented clearing and felling of forests in the region. The Plains was declared a wildlife sanctuary on 5th December 1969 and was elevated to a National Park on 18th March 1988 because of its biodiversity value. It is situated 32 km from Nuwara Eliya on the southern plateau of the central highlands, at an elevation from around 1200 to 2300 m. Due to the high elevation there is a considerable amount of moisture deposited on the land by fog and clouds that occur always. The swamps, streams and waterfalls are the important wetland habitats of the Park.
Horton Plains have been named after Robert Wilmot Horton who had been the British Governor of Ceylon from 1831 to 1837. However, though his name is carried by this picturesque Park of natural glory, he is remembered as a selfish and blood-minded enemy of Nature as he was singularly responsible for slaying all the elephants that inhabited these
plains during that period of time and thereafter elephants never returned to the Plains.
The main attraction of the Park is the sheer precipice called the World’s End and Baker’s Falls that draw tourists in large number to the Plains. One kilometer away from the main cliff is a small cliff with a 300m drop. This is known as the Small World’s End. You can also see the Indian Ocean to the south which is 81 km away. There are Nature Trails that will take you to the places you wish to see. The Main Circuit Nature Trail will take you to Small World’s End, Big World’s End, Baker’s Falls and Chimney Falls. There are also trails to Thotupolakanda and Kirigalpoththa. Farr Inn which was built by Thomas Farr is the start to the Main Trail. It is also the Horton Plains Information Center now. The Farr Inn provides you with a lot of interesting information and also publications relating to the Plains. With photographing and sight-seeing. The walk will take about 3 ½ hours to complete, if the weather is fine. The Trail is not difficult as it is mostly level ground except the portion leading to Baker’s Falls and back through the Cloud Forest. Try to avoid taking the trail on Sundays and public holidays as it tends to be a bit crowded and although warning signs have been posted, the local groups of youngsters make a lot of noise that scare away the wildlife. The ideal time to visit is between 6 a.m. to 10 a.m. before the clouds converge and you will be able to see the tea-plantation villages and the toy town in the valley below. You can hire guides from the National Park Office who are well-informed on the area’s flora and flora. It is forbidden to leave the paths. There have been a couple of people who had fallen to their deaths by taking the risk of moving out of the trails.
There are 24 species of mammals, 87 species of birds, nine species of reptile and 8 species of amphibians in the Plains. The most common mammal at present is the sambar deer and it is believed the population of this deer to be around 1500 to 2000. Others are Kelaart’s long-clawed shrews, toque macaques, purple-faced langurs, rusty-spotted cat, Sri Lankan leopards, wild boars, stripe-necked mongooses. Indian Muntjacs, grizzled giant squirrels, fishing cats. Also European otters have been seen to visit the wetlands to hunt for prey. The Red Slender Loris which is one of the world’s most endangered primates is found in the Plains and was photographed for the first time in July 2010 by a group of researchers from the Zoological Society of London.
In combination with Ohiya, Pattipola and Ambewela, Horton Plains becomes a very important Bird Area in Sri Lanka. There are 21bird species of these four species which are the Sri Lanka Blue Magpie, Dull-blue Flycatcher, Sri Lanka White-eye and the Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon occur only in the Horton Plains. Other endemics are the Sri Lanka Spur Fowl, Sri Lanka Jungle Fowl, Yellow-fronted Barbet, Orange-billed Babbler, Sri Lanka Bush Warbler and the Sri Lanka Swift. There are also many birds that migrate here in the winter such as swiftlets and the alpine swift. The Crested Serpent Eagle, Mountain Hawk-eagle, Black-winged Kite and Peregrine Falcon are the birds of prey of the Horton Plains and among the migratory birds of prey are the Harriers. Being a key wildlife area, all six highland endemic birds inhabit the Plains including the dull-blue flycatcher, Sri Lanka white-eye, wood pigeon, bush warbler. The yellow-eared bulbul and black-throated munia can be found in abundance throughout the Plains.
Yala National Park
The Yala National Park is located about 300 km from Colombo in the southeastern region of the country and covers an area of 979 sq.km. Yala and the Wilpattu reserves were proclaimed by the government of Sri Lanka on March 23, 1900 as wildlife sanctuaries. Henry Engelbrecht was appointed as the first Park Warden of Yala. It is the second largest national park in Sri Lanka which is also the most visited. The Yala National Park consists of five blocks. Only two were open to the public. These are named as Ruhunu National Park and Kumana National Park the latter being a major bird sanctuary in Sri Lanka. With the elimination of terrorist threats, several other blocks too have been opened to the public. It was when the Flora & Fauna Protection Ordinance was passed into law by D.S. Senanayake, the Minister of Agriculture that Yala became a national park on 1st March 1938.
There are six national parks and three wildlife sanctuaries in the vicinity of Yala of which Lunugamvehera National park is the largest and is situated in the dry region receiving rains mainly during the northeast monsoon. There are also two pilgrim sites within the park in Block 3 called Sithulpahuwa and Magul Vihara
Chief Justice Sir Alexander Johnston who travelled from Trincomalee to Hambantota in 1806 wrote a detailed account on Yala.
The Yala National Park is special because it has a variety of ecosystems that include monsoon forests, dry monsoon forests, thorn forests, grasslands, fresh water and marine wetlands and also sandy beaches. The Block 1 area is under forest cover that is around the Menik River with rangelands and open parklands with some extensive grass lands towards the sea side. There are also tanks, water holes, lagoons and mangroves. Block 2 has similar vegetation which was once a paddy field and the lagoons of Pilinnawa, Mahapothana and Pahalapothana are also located in this block. Forests are more widespread in Blocks 3, 4 and 5. The Kumbukkan Oya (lake) in the Northeast and the Menik Ganga (river) provide a good source of water for the animals even during the driest months of the year.
Being one of the 70 most important bird areas in Sri Lanka Yala is home to some 215 bird species of which seven are endemic to Sri Lanka. These are the Sri Lanka wood pigeon, grey hornbill, jungle fowl, crimson-fronted barbet, black-capped bulbul, blue tailed bee-eater and brown-capped babbler. Half of the 90 water birds inhabiting the wetlands are migrants. Indian cormorant, little cormorant, water fowl and larger birds like the grey heron, black-headed ibis, Eurasian spoonbill, Asian Openbill, painted stork and various waders are among the common water birds. The resident spot-billed pelican and the migrant great white pelican have also been recorded. Also rare species such as purple heron, night herons, egrets, purple swamp hen and Oriental darter are also attracted to the Park. It is during the northeast monsoon that thousands of water fowls migrate to the lagoons of Yala.
There are 44 species of mammals in the Park including the Sri Lankan elephant and also one of the highest leopard densities in the world. The herds of elephants comprise 300 – 350 individuals that varies seasonally. Wild water buffalo, toque macaque, golden palm civet, red slender loris Sri Lankan sloth bear and fishing cat are some of the other mammals that can be seen in the Park. The Yala West (Ruhunu National Park) is one of the best parks in the world to observe and photograph leopards. It is believed that the Sri Lankan leopards are a distinct sub-species from the Indian species and are the largest leopards in Asia. The leopards in the Park have grown rather accustomed to visitors and jeeps and therefore, provide excellent opportunities for photography. Usually it is easy to spot adult male leopards walking along the track. The best time to spot leopards is early morning or at dusk. You are allowed to be in the Park till a little after dusk.
There are 45 species of reptiles and six of them are endemic. The Sri Lankan krait, Boulenger’s keel back, Sri Lankan flying snake, painted-lip lizard, Wiegmann’s agama; and Bahir’s fan-throated lizard are the endemic species. There are two breeding crocodile species, the mugger crocodile and the saltwater crocodile and also the Indian cobra and Russell’s viper that live in the Park. Five globally endangered sea turtles visit the coastline of the Park such as the leatherback, olive ridley, loggerhead, hawksbill and green turtle.
May to August is the dry season and the Park would be closed for a short time during September and October.
Kosgoda is located in the Southern Province of Sri Lanka and is situated approximately 72 kilometers south of Colombo. Kosgoda is fast becoming popular as a tourist destination expecially due to the beautiful beaches. If you are a bird-watcher, the Kosgoda Lagoon is the ideal place that will provide you with plenty of bird-sightings and subjects for photography. You will also see the turtles and the turtle hatcheries that are making a great effort in turtle conservation.
Kosgoda was traditionally associated with the cultivation of cinnamon and also fishing. Prior to arrival of the Europeans, the Sinhalese kings had been trading in cinnamon as it was considered to be the world’s finest.
When the Dutch defeated the Portuguese in 1658, the Dutch East Indies Company took control of the cinnamon trade. Following the British taking control of the Island from the Dutch in 1796, the cinnamon monopoly moved to their control.
Kosgoda is particularly renowned for its sea turtle conservation project operated by the Wildlife Protection Society of Sri Lanka. It was established in 1988 to protect Sri Lanka’s turtles from becoming extinct.
Royal Botanical Gardens, Peradeniya
The Royal Botanical Gardens in Peradeniya is located about 5.5 km to the west of the city of Kandy in the Central Province of Sri Lanka. It attracts around 2 million visitors annually. It is situated near the mighty Mahaweli River which is the longest river in Sri Lanka.
These gardens are most famous for its rich variety of orchids, spices, medicinal plants and palm trees. There are over 4000 species of plants. The total area of the garden is 147 acres at 460 meters above sea level. Attached to it is the National Herbarium of Sri Lanka and is managed by the National Botanic Gardens of the Department of Agriculture.
The origins of the Botanic Gardens date as far back as 1371 when King Wickramabahu III ascended the throne and kept court at Peradeniya near the Mahaweli river. This was followed by King Kirti Sri and King Rajadhi Rajasinghe. A temple was built on this location by King Wimala Dharma, but it was destroyed by the British when they were given control over the Kingdom of Kandy
Thereafter, the groundwork for a botanical garden was formed by Alexandar Moon in 1821. He used the garden for coffee and cinnamon plants.The Botanical Garden at Peradeniya was formally established in 1843 with plants brought from Kew Garden, Slave Island, Colombo, and the Kalutara Garden in Kalutara. The Royal Botanic Garden, Peradeniya was made more independent and expanded under George Gardner as superintendent in 1844. On Gardner's death in 1849 George Henry Kendrick Thwaites became superintendent. He served until he resigned in 1879, when he was succeeded by Henry Trimen, who served until 1895.
The garden came under the administration of the Department of Agriculture when it was established in 1912.
There are avenues such as Cook’s Pine Avenue, Palmyra Palm Avenue, Double Coconut Avenue, Cabbage Avenue and Royal Palm Avenue. One item of significant history is the Cannonball tree planted by King George V of the UK and Queen Mary in 1901. It is often laden with fruit which are thought to resemble cannonballs. During World War II, this Garden was used by Lord Louis Mountbatten, the supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in South Asia as the Headquarters of the Southeast Asia Command.
Hikkaduwa Beach and its environs seem to specially cater to every whim of beach lovers. Sunbathing, scuba diving, snorkeling, glass-bottom boat rides and even surfing are all found in this one place. Also, facilities for renting or buying diving or swim gear are available to enhance your fun. The shops around the beach cater to all tourists’ needs and they are well aware of all tourists’ needs with years of experience. Access to Hikkaduwa is very easy now on the Southern Expressway from Colombo.
Hikkaduwa National Park
Full Moon Garden
Airport Garden Hotel
Palm Garden Village Hotel
Palm garden village
Avasta Resort & Spa
Forest Rock Garden
Forest rock garden
The lake house
Deer park hotel
The lake hotel
Fresco water villa
Signature by Amaya
Pigeon island resort
Amaranthe bay resort
Nilaveli beach resort hotel
Trinco blu by cinnamon
Hotel Hill Top
Serene Grand Kandy
Nuwara Wewa Lakeside
Kandy luxury bangalow
Madulkelle eco lodge
Yoho Daffodil's Hotel
Glenfall Reach Hotel
The Hill Club
The Hill Club
Oak Ray Summer Hill Breeze
The Water Fall Villas
Araliya green hills
Heritance tea factory
Jetwing warwick garden
Elephant Safari Hotel
Grand Udawalawe Resort
Kalu's Hideaway Hotel
Koggala beach hotel
Thaproban beach house
Calamander unawatuna beach
Hikkaduwa beach hotel
Hikka tranz by cinnamon
berjaya mount royal
Heritance Ayurveda Maha Gedara
royal palms beach hotel
Gold face Beach Hotel
Ceylon city hotel
Mount lavinia hotel
Pegasus reef hotel
Camelot Beach Hotel
Club Dolphin Hotel
Paradise Beach Hotel
Goldi Sands Hotel
The Beach All Suite
|Per person in a double room||US$ 500 PP|
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Please note we require 50% of the payment on confirmation and the balance 2 weeks prior to arrival or the full payment can be settled on confirmation.